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Changes in Education Policy 2021

Changes in Education Policy 2021

The Indian government replaced the 34-year-old National Education Policy, framed in 1986 with the New Education Policy 2020. The NEP, endorsed by the union cabinet, makes sweeping reforms, including teaching, in school and higher education.

Some of the biggest highlights of Changes in Education Policy 2021 are:

1) a single regulator for higher education institutions,

2) various entry and exit choices for degree courses,

3) discontinuation of MPhil services,

4) low-stakes board exams,

5) common entrance exams for universities.

Major highlights: Changes in Education Policy 2021

Schooling now begins at the age of 3 years.

The New Education Policy extends the compulsory schooling age group from 6-14 years to 3-18 years of schooling. The NEP incorporates three previously uncovered years of pre-schooling, under the school curriculum age range of 3-6 years. With three years of Anganwadi/ pre-schooling, the new system will provide 12 years of schooling.

The 10+2 school curriculum structure should be supplemented with a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18, respectively, with a focus on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE).

Mother tongue as an instructional means

The NEP relies on the mother tongue of students as the medium of instruction, as it adheres to the ‘three language formula’ but also allows no language to be forced on anyone. As a means of guidance, the NEP only recommends the mother tongue and does not make it mandatory.

The changes in Education Policy 2021 document states that in their home language, kids understand and comprehend non-trivial concepts more easily.

Wherever practicable, the home language, mother tongue, local language or regional language will be the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably until Grade 8 and beyond.’ Afterward, if possible, the home or local language will continue to be taught as a language. Both public and private schools will follow this,” the policy states.


As a single overarching umbrella body, the Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be formed for all higher education, except medical and legal education. The same set of regulatory, accreditation and academic standards would govern public and private higher education institutions.

In 15 years, Govt will phase out the association of colleges and a stage-wise mechanism is to be formed to grant colleges graded autonomy.

Science, arts and commerce are blurred.

There will be no rigid differences between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams under Changes in Education Policy 2021. Students around the streams will pick topics of their liking. In schools from the 6th grade, vocational education will start, which will include internships.

Returns of FYUP Programs & No More Dropouts

Under the changes in Education Policy 2021 , with several exit options during this timeframe, the undergraduate degree will have a length of either 3 or 4 years. After completing 1 year in a discipline or field, including vocational and technical areas, the college would be required to offer a certificate, a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor’s degree after a 3-year program.

Govt will also set up an Academic Credit Bank to store academic credits received from various HEIs digitally so that they can be transferred and counted against the final earned degree.

Additional read: New Education Policy 2020

The benefits of the changes in Educational Policy

Such important changes in Education Policy 2021 are as follows:

  • Instead of merely driving them towards rote learning, the New Education Policy would give priority to the practical awareness of students.
  • It will encourage students from a young age to develop a scientific temperament.
  • The changes in Education Policy 2021 intends to make it easier to set up higher educational institutions of new quality that will be at par with global standards.
  • Because NEP would make it easier for international universities to set up their campuses here, many students who are unable to go abroad will be able to experience it and get worldwide exposure for several reasons.
  • This will foster education based on merit.

Also check: Atal Ayushman Uttarakhand Yojna

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